Back injuries are common in day to day life.

Most cases of back pain aren’t caused by serious damage or disease but by minor sprains, strains or a pinched nerve.

This type of back pain can be triggered by everyday activities such as bending awkwardly or for long periods, lifting heavy objects, slouching in chairs or overusing the muscles –i.e during repetitive movements at work or at home.

In most cases this type of pain is self remitting meaning that it will get better by itself if you follow some basic steps.

The follow is the second in a series of articles that looks at common injuries and how you can treat them yourself. Managing a strain quickly can prevent it from becoming a more long term problem.

Once your condition has improved it is important to think about what the cause of the pain was and what the aggravating factors were. Once you have identified these you can start to change or modify the task or activity in order to reduce the risk of reoccurrence.

NB: If your symptoms do not improve after a week of following this advice it is advisable to see your doctor.

Low back strain

In the case of a lower back strain/sprain, there are a number of things that can be done to facilitate healing.

The two therapeutic techniques described below are intended to be used after the acute-phase of the injury, which is within the first few days following a incident.

Remember that after a back strain, the muscles in the back will often become tight, guarding the affected area and limiting the motion and causing pain.

Treatments that safely alleviate muscle tension, improve range of motion, and promote blood circulation to the affected area, are going to speed up the healing process.

1. Manual Back Traction

Applying gentle traction to the neck can often ease and elongate tight muscles, allowing pinched nerves or compressed blood vessels to be released.

Tight muscles will constrict and compress everything around them. The idea behind using traction is to create more space and alleviate pressure by improving the blood supply to the neck muscles, tendons, and ligaments of the affected area.

One of the simplest ways to do this is to:

Lie down on your back and place a folded (lengthwise) bath towel in the small of your back. Support your neck with a thin pillow. This will apply a gentle traction force to the lumbar spine and reduce the pressure on the disks and muscles. Hold this position for 20mins. Repeat daily until the pain resolves.

2. Hydrotherapy

Soaking in Epsom Salt can be very helpful for the release of muscle aches and pain. The actual name of Epsom Salt is Magnesium Sulfate, magnesium is known to absorb through the skin and is a known muscle relaxant. Sulfate is known to help the removal of toxins from the body.

Directions:

Adding 1 cups of Epsom Salt (30g) to a hot bath full of water. Soak your neck in the bath for 15 – 20 minutes, allowing the Magnesium to be absorbed through your skin.

Back Pain Relief Exercise Video